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A Research and Development Project

BAPS - The innovative mobile Blue Air Purification System

 

The BAPS (Blue Air Purification System) is a mobile controlled air circulation system that filters harmful ultra-fine dust, bacteria and pollen by 99.995% and eliminates viruses. It ensures a healthy and comfortable indoor climate and guarantees the occupants a hygienic, mould-free, allergy-friendly and draught-free exchange of fresh air. The air humidity is regulated to approx. 50-60 % and offers ideal conditions for the well-being of all residents. Allergy and disease-causing particles are filtered out or eliminated. An increased rate of air exchange can be set for family gatherings without causing draughts. The windows can remain closed, which leads to a significant reduction in energy costs. At the same time, security and comfort are improved.

 

The idea / concept of the mobile unit is based on the statinary controlled air circulation system that has run from 2014-2020 (until relocation to Scotland) in the Blue Building in Sharjah office without any problems. When this laboratory and office was built in 2014, no one expected the following result: the stationary controlled air circulation system installed in the building was not only able to remove bacteria and pollen from the air. In addition, it also eliminated most viruses (99.995%). In addition, this system reduces CO2 levels in buildings by up to 47%; a result that is unique in the world. Values of 221 ppm carbon dioxide were measured in the morning, while outdoor measurements in Sharjah indicated values of 415 ppm carbon dioxide. From 2014 to 2020, air quality measurements were taken around the clock; the lowest CO2 level achieved indoors was 21 ppm. indoors was 218 ppm carbon dioxide.

A high CO2 concentration indoors is very harmful to human health; this value should always be controlled. The Blue Building BAPS takes into account physical conditions that have other positive aspects besides reducing CO2 levels. BAPS systems are necessary for offices, conference rooms, shopping centres or even large shopping streets where no natural greenery is used for air filtration. The human body needs oxygen; a CO2 content of less than 1000 ppm leads to an increase in human performance of up to 30%.

BAPS Air Purification
BAPS Filter

Together with their partner, Blue Building has initiated a revision of the controlled air circulation system and has incorporated a new cleaning system that will lead to the best cleaning results in the world.

 

Most importantly, the end user does not have to change any pollen or dust filter. With this system, 99.995% of dust and pollutants can be filtered out, which is extremely important for human health.

For more information on how to invest,

please get in touch with our team.

Thank you.

Controlled Air Circulation System

Blue Air Purification System

 

Good indoor air quality is subject to many factors. These are determined by the following conditions, among others:

 

1. CO2 pollution

2. Dust particle pollution

3. Relative humidity

4. VOC values (volatile organic compounds)

 

Regrettably, there are many different scientific statements regarding CO2 pollution in the air. According to Max von Pettenkofer, the limit for poor indoor air quality is 1000 ppm. According to the SIA guideline 382/1, indoor air is defined as being of good quality if it is between 800 ppm and 1500 ppm. 

HCHO (Formaldehyde) Table
HCHO Table
Values above 1500 ppm are problematic from health aspects. Healthy indoor air increases the performance of a person in buildings by about 25%. Poor indoor air has an effect on the body's immunity. Observations and scientific evaluations clearly show that more people die from poor indoor air than from poor outdoor air.

The Blue Air Purification System is a stationary system that can eliminate or filter harmful fine dust, bacteria, viruses and pollen without great effort. It ensures a healthy and comfortable indoor climate and guarantees the occupants a hygienic, mould-free, allergy-friendly and draught-free exchange of fresh air. The air humidity is regulated to approx. 50-60 % and offers ideal conditions for the well-being of all residents. Allergy and disease-causing particles are filtered out or eliminated. An increased rate of air exchange can be set for family gatherings without causing draughts. The windows can remain closed, which leads to a significant reduction in energy costs. At the same time, security and comfort are improved.

 

The stationary Blue Air Purification System has run from 2014-2020 (until relocation to Scotland) in the Blue Building office in Sharjah without any problems. When this laboratory and office was built in 2014, no one expected the following result: the stationary controlled air circulation system installed in the building was not only able to remove bacteria and pollen from the air. In addition, it also eliminated most viruses (99.995%). In addition, this system was able to reduce CO2 levels in the building by up to 47%; a result that is unique in the world. Values of 221 ppm carbon dioxide were measured on average, while outdoors in Sharjah values of 415 ppm carbon dioxide were measured on that day. From 2014 to 2020, air quality measurements were taken around the clock; the lowest CO2 level achieved indoors was 219 ppm carbon dioxide.

 

A high CO2 concentration indoors is very harmful to human health; this value should always be controlled. The Blue Building BAPS takes into account physical conditions that have other positive aspects besides reducing CO2 levels. BAPS systems are necessary for offices, conference rooms, shopping centres or even large shopping streets where no natural greenery is used for air filtration. The human body needs oxygen; a CO2 content of less than 1000 ppm leads to an increase in human performance of up to 30%.

PM2.5 and PM10

 

The numbers 10 and 2.5 refer to the µm diameter of the particulate matter. Particulate matter is microscopic solid or liquid matter floating in the Earth's atmosphere. They include: gases, smoke, smog, ash and dust, viruses and bacteria, allergens, mould spores and pollen.

 

Particulates are the deadliest form of air pollution due to their ability to penetrate deep into the lungs and blood streams unfiltered, causing permanent DNA mutations, heart attacks, and premature death. In 2013, the ESCAPE study, which involved 312,944 people in nine European countries, found that there is no research on particulate matter per m3, except that for every 10μg/m3 increase of PM10, the lung cancer rate increased by 22%.

 

Some particulates occur naturally, originating from volcanoes, dust storms, forest and grassland fires, living vegetation, and sea spray. Human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels in vehicles, power plants and various industrial processes, also generate significant amounts of particulates.

PM Values

According to a study in 2018 from the Max Planck Institute (MPI), particulate matter causes more deaths that hitherto assumed and the study talks about approximately 120,000 premature deaths caused by particulate pollution in Germany alone.

Experts assume a death rate of more than 30 million people worldwide due to air pollution.

TVOC

 

When solvents and chemicals in liquid or pasty products (household cleaning products, cosmetics, perfume, paints, etc.) evaporate, VOCs escape in large quantities into the ambient air. Added to this are materials from poor quality construction or interior design that contain plasticizers, solvents, stabilizers, etc. These are constantly released and lead to the well-known sick building syndrome. The use and evaporation of the above-mentioned agents also produces a not inconsiderable amount of fine dust. Initial studies have shown that this fine dust pollution is higher than the emissions from the automotive sector.

TVOC Analysis
TVOC Air Quality

CO2 Levels

 

CO2 levels indoors have been measured between 219 and 800. New studies show that even the substance of CO2 in the typical room concentrations above 1.000 ppm can lead to a decrease in performance. It is therefore an indicator of indoor air quality in general.

CO2 Concentration at the

Blue Building Office in Sharjah

Air Quality Measurements BBF Office

At the same time, CO2 levels of 414 ppm were measured outdoors

CO2 Concentration Rooms

At a CO2 concentration of more than 5,000ppm, nausea and increased heart rate occur. A CO2 concentration of 6,000ppm is hazardous to health, so these exposures should only be short term.

 

At more than 10,000ppm, breathing difficulties and dizziness occur; at more than 30,000ppm, breathing frequency and breathing volume increase; at 40,000ppm loss of consciousness is possible.

 

At a CO2 exposure of 100,000ppm or more, candles extinguish, the person experiences nausea with vomiting and loss of consciousness. From a CO2 load of 200,000ppm, unconsciousness occurs quickly and leads to death.

When staying indoors, if there is no controlled air circulation or air purification system available, a continuous increase of increased pollutants can be observed. Necessary ventilation by opening windows in buildings is often not possible due to construction measures (closed windows in high-rise buildings or hotels) and in many countries due to climatic conditions.

 

There are no urgently required meaningful studies on ultra-fine dust pollution; existing studies contradict each other. These dusts are storage places for bacteria and germs, they penetrate via blood vessels to the brain. When the epidermis of humans is damaged by scratches, insect bites or allergy-related skin diseases, these pollutants can also penetrate directly through the skin into the body and thus into the bloodstream.

 

Studies carried out by professional associations show that cancers diseases have a death rate of up to 20% at people who have been exposed to high levels of dust.

The innovative mobile System

 

A Research and Development Project

BAPS - The innovative mobile System

 

Together with their partner, Blue Building has initiated a revision of the controlled air circulation system and has incorporated a new cleaning system that will lead to the best cleaning results in the world.

 

Most importantly, the end user does not have to change any pollen or dust filter. With this system, 99.995% of dust and pollutants can be filtered out, which is extremely important for human health.

Around the World, the Pettenkofer Number

Pettenkofer

Max Joseph von Pettenkofer

 

Max Joseph Pettenkofer, ennobled in 1883 as Max Joseph von Pettenkofer (3 December 1818 – 10 February 1901) was a Bavarian chemist and hygienist. He is known for his work in practical hygiene, as an apostle of good water, fresh air and proper sewage disposal.

 

The greatest contamination of indoor air is caused by people themselves - Max von Pettenkofer was convinced of this. In his book 'Über den Luftwechsel von Wohngebäuden' (On the Air Exchange of Residential Buildings), published in 1858, he argued that air pollution can be significantly reduced through good cleaning of buildings.

Max von Pettenkofer indicated “bad air” as a negative influence after longer stays in living quarters and teaching institutions. He identified carbon dioxide as the most important leading component for the evaluation of indoor air quality. 

Crowded rooms tend to be overheated and during this era it was considered that the discomfort in such rooms was due to excessive heat or, in accordance with the view of Lavoisier, due to elevated concentrations of CO2. Pettenkofer (1818 – 1901) started lecturing on hygienic topics in Munich 1847, and installed as the first professor in hygiene worldwide 1853 noted that the unpleasant sensations of stale air were not due merely to warmth or humidity or to CO2 or oxygen deficiency, but rather to the presence of trace quantities of organic material exhaled from the skin and lungs (Pettenkofer 1858). He stated that ‘bad’ indoor air per se did not make people sick, but that such air weakened the human resistance towards ‘jede art krankmachenden Agentien’, i.e., in modern words acted as an adjuvant factor.

The Blue EcoPower

BEP Game Changer

Electricity would remain little more than an intellectual curiosity for millennia until 1600, when the English physician William Gilbert made a careful study of electricity and magnetism (1601), distinguishing the lodestone effect from static electricity produced by rubbing amber. He coined the New Latin word “electricus”.

 

Further work was conducted by the German Mayor Otto von Guericke, the first electrostatic generators are called friction machines because of the “in the generation process”. The first form of frictional electrical machine was constructed around 1663 by Otto von Guericke.

 

A further milestone was 1900 on the world exhibition in Paris. 40,000 bulbs and 6,000 arc lamps illuminated in a sea of lights this exhibition.

The new Aeon

of energy supply has begun -

Be a Game Changer - with the Blue EcoPower!

The early 19th century that had seen rapid progress in electrical science, the late 19th century would see the greatest progress in electrical engineering. Through such people as Nikola Tesla, Thomas Edison, George Westinghouse, Ernst Werner von Siemens, Alexander Graham Bell and Lord Kelvin, electricity was turned from a scientific curiosity into an essential tool for modern life, becoming a driving force for the Second Industrial Revolution.

 

There already exists in the market two systems which utilise vacuum technology:

 

ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle)

 

is a well-known and widely spread form of energy production, mostly in biomass and geothermal applications, but great rises in solar and heat recovery applications are also expected. Environmental concern over climate change and rising oil prices are powerful reasons supporting the explosive growth of this efficient, clean and reliable way of producing electricity.

 

Zeolite adsorption technology which cools down beverage casks and food containers from room temperature to 5°C in seconds.

 

The-Environmentalist being a proven inventor in vacuum technology is convinced that these two systems can be combined and developed to produce the BlueEcopower unit which will produce at least double the electrical and thermal energy (heating and cooling) of an ORC unit. 

 

The Blue Building Holding Ltd. is now seeking partners/investors to develop, manufacture and market Blue EcoPower and the following pages describe in detail the principles and benefits of Blue EcoPower.

 

Blue EcoPower is based on the Pascal Stone principal, thermal, cooling, micro turbines and other technologies. There are many exceptional advantages, such as:

 

· No CO2 emission 

· 100 % recyclable

· No chemicals

· Small space requirement

· Extremely low electricity generation costs

· Long term production of energy

 

The knowhow for these technologies goes back many years; especially the knowledge around the Pascal Stones which was developed over a period of more than 25 years.

 

In order that, the Blue EcoPower System solar-hybrid plant is not only in the range of renewable energy technologies like wind power and Photovoltaic, even it shows clear advantages by the use of both electric and thermal.

 

The system is based on Pascal Stone Technology similar to zeolite adsorption and Organic Ranking Cycle combined with advanced vacuum technology. The result is the ability to produce electrical and thermal energy and, conversely, chilling water to -15°C. Like all the other technologies in the Blue Building® Concept, Blue EcoPower is scalable and economical. It can be used as a closed loop system for energy production whilst providing interior cooling and heating for a single house. Most importantly, it can be implemented at any scale up to a nationwide power generation system.

Blue EcoPower guarantees a sustainable environment during the entire lifecycle of any product or material used. This comprehensive approach responds to three main aspects:

 

How do we affect the environment

 

- during the process of fabrication

- during the time of use

- during the process of recycling

 

How does nature and humanity benefit

 

- during the process of fabrication

 -during the time of use

- during the process of recycling

 

What are the financial implications

 

- costs for production, operation, and recycling

BEP Turbine

General Product Description

 

The latest Solartherm Block is a complete system to exploit heat sources at low temperature. This Solartherm Block converts supplied heat into electric energy and excess heat. The system is designed to work autonomously and controls all inner aggregates corresponding to the user settings. Being a closed loop system it is simple to integrate the Solarterm Block into existing environments. In order to achieve optimum results, we recommend to combine the Solarterm Block-Energy product spectrum.

 

Further, we want to inform that there is no comparable (Hybrid) Solar plant on the market.

 

Normally, consumers are using only one system: solar thermic or photovoltaic. Only a few of them are using both technologies in one plant.

Document Download
BEP Radiation

At an outdoor temperature of 8°C and direct sunlight (up to 80% clouds), the Blue EcoPower produces energy.

Large storage tanks (battery, hot and cold water tanks) ensure a continuous supply.

Application of the Blue EcoPower System

Benefits:

 

- Cost effective and - efficient source of electricity, heat and cold 

- Long lifetime corresponds to short amortisation period

- Conversion of low temperature heat sources into electrical energy, 

   heating and cooling

- Simple Installation and operation through compact construction

- Autonomous control

- Less or no maintenance

- Little volume demand in-house or underground

- Simple and self-explaining operation

- Environmentally friendly liquids and materials

BEP System
BEP
BEP

Blue EcoPower means,

to undertake responsibility

with the great opportunity,

changing the environment sustainably.

For more information on how to invest,

please get in touch with our team.

Thank you.

A Research and Development Project

The Blue Solar System

A new and unique concept:

 

According to recent studies, global demand for water is expected to increase sharply in the coming decades. It is expected that climate change will make some areas drier and others more wet. As rainfall extremes increase in some regions, affected communities are more vulnerable to droughts and floods.

In contrast to the solar thermal systems known so far, the Blue Solar System emits almost no heat to our environment!

BEP Solar Radiation

Depending on the solar radiation output, the standstill temperature reached (depending on the type of solar thermal collector) can be 150-200°C. Vacuum or tube collectors can easily achieve twice the standstill temperature.

 

The operating temperatures of the solar thermal collectors can therefore be up to 100°C higher than the ambient temperature. The industry refers to this as thermal losses. Studies on the impact on the environment are either not carried out at all or not published.

Blue Solar System - MEGA 10

 

Solar thermal systems for heating drinking water have been existing since the 18th century. The first solar collector was a wooden box with a glass lid filled with black beans, in which a temperature of 87°C can already be reached.

 

When using solar thermal systems, economic and health aspects should be considered first.

 

The success of the Blue Solar Mega 10 is based on a development of more than four decades. This solar thermal system has received several awards in the Asian region. It has a very high, if not the highest efficiency worldwide for extracting heat from solar energy.

 

In order to optimise and extend this competitive advantage, the Blue Solar Mega 10 system will be optimised in the next 2-3 years to not only achieve the best possible cost and utilisation calculation, but also to design it in such a way that this system cannot be copied.

Solar Car Park

Sunrising Sport Centre

No. of Mega-10: 51 ea. (510m²), Storage Tank Volume: 22 ton, Date of Installation: Feb. 2012

Phase 1

 

The same irradiation system is applied as is used for the Pascal Stones. The modification differs in that the crystalline structures that form on the surface are designed to double the solar energy inside.

 

At this point, the two main modifications will not be explained in detail.

Irradiation

Phase 2

 

The ECOREFINE plant has been developed to analyse and separate contaminated materials in discontinuous operation (22 hours per day). The in the following summary proposed systems ECOREFINE I and II are utilized to determine the contamination of the material.



With the gained information and calculations, the ECOREFINE III will be constructed for the specific circumstances of the material or area that will be cleaned. The below summary describes the structure of the plant in a simplified form.

The synergy effect:

 

The synergy effect, not only in terms of existing and future technologies, but the enormous expertise on both sides were the basis for this decision. The data speaks for itself; there is currently no company that can offer a COP of 5.5 on average. Unfortunately, the data sheets of the manufacturers of solar thermal or even photovoltaic systems always state kilowatt peak. These quantify the maximum output of a solar power system or solar thermal energy. This maximum output of a solar power system relates to a period of approx. 1 minute (highest position of the sun). Calculations have shown that on average only 60 % of this peak value is reached in actual heating power. On closer examination, one also finds out that the values given in the data sheet refer to test series in the warmest regions of Europe (Spain), but is offered for cold Scotland.

Ecorefine for Blue Solar

ECOREFINE for Testing Purposes

Capacity 5 – 10 kg/h

The data presented refer to results in South Korea, confirmed by a state-approved laboratory. The COP value is on “average” around 5.5.

 

It can be assumed that this peak performance can be increased to a COP value of 7-8.5.

 

The Ecorefine also has numerous test certificates, in terms of technical as well as commercial expertise.

 

The first Ecorefine plant was built in 1996. From the attached drawing, which is designed for sludge on tankers, you can see in stage A (water) that it was dealt intensively (theoretically and practically) with the separation of water contaminated with pollutants. To say it in advance: the water quality was excellent, although it had previously been highly contaminated with many pollutants. Using a specially developed cyclone separator, more than 99.9% of the pollutant particles can be removed from the water vapour.

 

The fact that two thirds of energy is saved in the evaporation process under vacuum is of relevant importance. In combination with Solar Mega 10 technology, the energy requirement can be reduced by another 80%. This means that desalination of water is expected to require only 40-50 kW/h to purify one metric ton of water. Furthermore, no chemicals are used.

The essential advantages of the Blue Solar Mega 10

 

One of the most significant advantages is the largest aperture area for copper plate magnetron sputtering with 9.42 m², in addition to the highest thermal output with 5.466kW (average/day).

 

Some of the Competitive Advantages:

-         Reduced number of Absorber Panels required to meet project's load demand; so: reduced roof (or non-roof) space needed to

           meet project's load demand;

-         Larger A. Panels = 80% reduction in Joint Connection Fittings and Pipework = Large savings of Plumbing Fittings and on-site

           Labour;

-         Reduced Risk for Peak Radiation/High Temperature joint leaks.

 

The large cost advantage from the above savings can be applied as follows:

-         Thermal Wall Vertical Facades;

-         Walk-way Canopies;

-         District Heating/Cooling;

-         Food Processing Applications;

-         Large Industrial Applications.

 

Solar district heating (SDH) systems are large solar thermal systems with multiple collectors that supply heat via district heating systems. District heating and solar thermal are now starting to play an important role in the energy transition in the heating sector in Europe. Solar radiation in Europe is sufficient for this application everywhere. On one hectare of land, solar thermal can generate up to 2 GWh of heat per year.

 

In terms of land requirements, it is the most efficient way to generate renewable heat.

A Research - and Development Project

 

The Blue Building Water Purification Project

Since our environment is changing, more pressure is put on water resources. What will be the most serious problem concerning water situation in the upcoming decade? Will it be water shortages, a breakdown in the infrastructure to obtain and supply water or water made undrinkable by pollution? How much money has already been spend and will be spend for solutions? 

We do have the key for this problem; - without chemicals; with significantly high quality and producing at lower prices under normal market conditions; so much water as your country needs. 

Sea Salt
Sea Salt
Appereance...
Sea Salt
...and Reality

The availability of water depends on its resources and their withdrawals. According to studies, extreme water stress occurs when, for example, consumption exceeds resources by 40%.

 

Water stress situations vary greatly from region to region. According to the definition of water stress, 2.3 billion people suffer from extreme water stress today. This is estimated to increase to 5.2 - 6,800,000,000 people by 2040. The reasons for this can be examined and reviewed in more detail in many scientific publications.

 

An alternative that not only serves to produce salt but also guarantees

good and clean drinking water quality is the combination of the 

Mega 10 solar thermal system and the Ecorefine technology.

BAF 2000

Benzol-Exhaust-Reduction

 

Method and device for reducing exhaust gas emissions and fine dust particles from internal combustion engines. Exhaust emissions from internal combustion engines are usually reduced by catalytic post-combustion of pollutants. In this process, catalytic converters are only used effectively under certain conditions. The new process is intended to achieve a further reduction in exhaust emissions in addition to the use of catalytic converters. The reduction of exhaust emissions is achieved by passing the exhaust gases (including nitrogen oxides) through a filter system, under pressure in one or more stages with rapid cooling. The rest of the exhaust gases are routed back to the combustion engines to be reprocessed.

Furthermore, main pollutants are separated (non-limited pollutants) such as:

· Total cyanide

· Total aldehydes

· Total phenols

· Differentiated hydrocarbons

· Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

· Differentiated aldehydes and ketones

BAF Exhibition 1994
Picture: First introduction of the BAF on an exhibition in Germany in 1994

Pascal Stones are used to separate the non-limited pollutants. However, the excellent performance of the catalysts also forms new chemical compounds. Furthermore, the operation of the catalysts is only guaranteed from a temperature of 250°C (approx. 2-5 km driving distance).

 

This is taken into account in the BAF 2000 system. Altogether, the technology consists of two main stages.

 

The following values were recorded during exhaust emission measurements:

 

Carbon Monoxide CO  reduced by 81.82% up to 100%

Hydrocarbon HC           reduced by 53.85% up to 85.9%

Carbon Dioxide CO2    reduced by 62.38% up to 70.55%

Splitting CO2
BAF
Car Exhaust

Furthermore, test trials have proven that changes have caused that the following oxygen O₂ values were measured in the exhaust gas values when using BAF 2000 technology:

Increase of Oxygen O2: before 0.02% Vol. increased to 13.03% Vol. up to 15.15% Vol.

Split CO2

A phenomenon,

- was CO2 split into Carbon and Oxygen?

BAF Scheme
First schematic design, 1994

BAF 2000 – Benzol-Exhaust-Reduction

The 1994 Event

BAF 2000

10 May 1994 was an exciting day for our team. For the first time, The-Environmentalist tested a new system to reduce exhaust emissions from vehicles. Two years of research and development were involved. The test trial was carried out on a Mercedes-Benz E 200 in a renowned general automotive workshop in the Siegen area.

 

In the first test trial, the result was overwhelming; the following values were measured in the exhaust gas measurements:

 

Carbon Monoxide CO                         Reduced by                81.82 %           up to   100 %

Hydrocarbon HC                                  Reduced by                53.85 %           up to   85.9 %

(volatile organic substances)

Carbon Dioxide CO2                            Reduced by                62.38 %          up to   70.55 %

 

Simultaneous increase of oxygen O2 

by 0.02 %                                             Increased to               63.04 %          up to   73.29 %

A precursor of the Pascal Stones was used to separate the non-limited pollutants. However, the excellent performance of the catalysts also forms new chemical compounds. In addition, the operation of the catalysts is only guaranteed at certain temperatures. This is taken into account in the BAF 2000 system. Overall, the technology consists of two main stages, which, for reasons of protection of intellectual property and inventors' rights, are not explained in more detail here.

The Phenomenon

 

Whether we consider the reduction of emissions from motor vehicles, the BAPS system we developed, controlled air circulation in homes, or our aforementioned experiment,-

 

Starting in 1994 until recently, we could not find an explanation why the CO2 content with our aforementioned Blue Building technologies was significantly lower than the CO2 content in the outside air. After complete combustion, oxygen is neither present nor measurable, pollutants such as CO, HC and CO2 are present in high concentrations. Our test trials have done the opposite - with excellent results.

 

A phenomenon of which we have only in recent months gained a vague idea of what chemical, physical and technological process might have taken place.

Splitting CO2
BAF Test Results
BAF Test Results

BAF 2000 - General Product Description

Pascal Stone

 

In 1994, we carried out the experiments with a precursor of the Pascal Stone; a nanotechnology that was still unknown to us at that time.

 

The Pascal Stone has a large inner surface of up to 1000 m²/g and a density of about 0.2 to 0.4 g/cm3, as well as an irregular arrangement of cavities and channels. Using an irradiation system developed by Blue Building, the molecular structure of the Pascal Stone is modified. This modification serves to stabilise and close the surface after irradiation with intense light bombardment by mixing it with mineralising liquid. The efficiency and lifetime of the Pascal Stone are thus significantly increased. The result: a petrification of the Pascal Stone as nature has shown for millions of years and which is known in the form of fossils such as fossilised fish, snails, wood, etc.

 

Due to their low thermal conductivity (0.12 W/(m-K) λ, Pascal Stones are able to turn water into ice within a few seconds. In 2012, we proved in a 24-hour test that high outdoor temperatures (according to the attached graph) can be reduced by up to 22.7°C without great expense.

 

Pascal Stones and Nano Technology

 

If you combine two elements in a certain ratio, changes immediately occur in a matter through chemical reaction under defined conditions. Nanomaterials have a very different behaviour towards substances, especially when they are larger than the substances themselves.

 

We already have samples of a new generation of Pascal Stones, which has a much higher surface area and shows a factor of 5 better effect compared to the current Pascal Stones. The smaller the individual parts of a material, the greater its surface area. A small difference in surface area provides a significant increase in the field of cooling, heating and cleaning, which could ultimately lead to the splitting of certain molecules. Chemical reactions take place at these contact surfaces. Nanoparticles in the Pascal Stones considerably increase the reactivity. Test experiments have shown that a transformation could take place similar to the process of photosynthesis (even if this seems far-fetched).

 

However, not only Pascal Stones are needed to reduce pollutants. In total, three other technologies are used in this system, which in combined form have led to success.

 

For this, however, further series of tests must be carried out with the objective of changing the surface structure in such a way that pollutants can be split or broken down in their structure in a controlled manner. Which computational, physical or chemical basis leads to these results is not important at the moment: it is the result that counts.

The Pascal Stone

Irradiation Design

Pascal Stone technology is a proprietary technology that uses pumice stone at its core. The pumice stone is coated through a non-chemical wash that safely alters the external crystalline properties of the stones, which when chosen correctly can be used in numerous environmental and sustainable technologies.

 

Irradiation

 

With the irradiation system, the molecular structure of the Pascal Stone is modified. This modification serves to stabilise and close the surface after irradiation with intense light bombardment by mixing it with mineralising liquid.

The efficiency and lifetime of the Pascal Stone are thus significantly increased.


The result: a petrifaction of the Pascal Stone as nature has shown for millions of years and which is known in the form of fossils such as fossilised fish, snails, wood etc.

 

A special developed light is throwing electrons by their natural gyrating way (around their Atomic Nucleus) with high intensity into the material. So the molecular structure will be modified, the material never will be the same. This modification of molecular structure becomes stabilised and mineralized during light bombarding and mixing with a fluid. 

 

The crystal shape can be designed differently depending on the starting material and the parameters of the modification. The crystals formed on the surface can now no longer be removed mechanically (rubbing, dusting ...). The crystalline inorganic material remains present in the organic substrate of the boundary layers and is almost indestructible. 

 

As a result, a kind of hybrid crystal is formed on the surface of the piece under consideration, which molecularly connects the organic molecular chain with the inorganic crystal structure of the silicate.

 


Water to Ice in 15 Seconds

 

The crystalline alumo-silicates Pascal Stone has the characteristic to adsorb water vapour, to attach it to its surface and to deliver heat at the same time.

Water-Ice 1
Water-Ice 2
Water-Ice 3

Under vacuum, the adsorption of the water vapour occurs with such force that, due to the low temperatures resulting from the evaporation, the remaining water cools down strongly and freezes into ice. This cold is used for all processes involving cooling.

 

The crystalline alumo-silicate Pascal Stone has the property of adsorbing water vapour, binding it to its surface and simultaneously releasing heat.

 

Due to a special design of the apparatus, the heat has no negative influence on the generation of the cooling energy. The first process of enthalpy generation lasts until the Pascal Stones are saturated with water.

 

In the second process, heat is added to the Pascal Stone, which leads to the opposite result. The heat input is generated by state of the art solar energy devices.

 

The water desorbs from the Pascal Stone in the form of steam and converts back to liquid in the V-condenser. Once this process is complete, the Pascal Stones can be reused. An almost continuous generation of cold or heat is achieved when several sorption units are operated in staggered phases. Through the Bluetron irradiation system, the surface of the Pascal Stone is changed in such a way that a long-lasting economic use is guaranteed.

 

The additional purification of the water not only ensures optimal cooling or heating without draughts, but also avoids the use of chemicals and achieves a considerable reduction in fossil energy.

Irradiation
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Graphic

To better understand the further process, we perceive the surface of these pieces and observe the upper molecular layer. Here, we want to focus on the carbonic oxygen compound.

Graphic

The electrons orbit both atoms. Due to their common orbit, they form the basis for a polymer compound.

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We irradiate the starting product with high irradiation density of protons and thereby hit the electrons. Thus, the electrons change the orientation and attempting a common orbit with a higher energy potential.

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This attempt will 

be ended by addition 

of a silicate solution.

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The entire surface of the observed plastic piece or textile is coated with a multitude of “hermaphrodite crystals”. These property-altered pieces and fibres are added analogously in the mixer during processing with conventional ingredients (e.g. gravel).

Irradiated Material 1

Fibre with “hermaphrodite crystals” 

(2.200 times magnified)

Irradiated Material
Irradiated Material

Plastic pieces with “hermaphrodite crystals” 

(1.600 times magnified)

Test Report 10.11.2012 - 11.11.2012

Air Cooling mit Pascal Stones

24 Hours

 

In 1994, we carried out the experiments with a precursor of the Pascal Stone; a nanotechnology that was still unknown to us at that time.

 

The Pascal Stone has a large inner surface of up to 1000 m²/g and a density of about 0.2 to 0.4 g/cm3, as well as an irregular arrangement of cavities and channels. Using an irradiation system developed by Blue Building® , the molecular structure of the Pascal Stone is modified. This modification serves to stabilise and close the surface after irradiation with intense light bombardment by mixing it with mineralising liquid. The efficiency and lifetime of the Pascal Stone are thus significantly increased. The result: a petrification of the Pascal Stone as nature has shown for millions of years and which is known in the form of fossils such as fossilised fish, snails, wood, etc.

 

Due to their low thermal conductivity (0.12 W/(m-K) λ, Pascal Stones are able to turn water into ice within a few seconds. In 2012, we proved in a 24-hour test that high outdoor temperatures (according to the graph below) can be reduced by up to 22.7°C without great expense.

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Graphic
Test Pascal Stones
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